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Sub Topic: Cardiovascular Diseases/Stroke


Systematic Review Questions:
In adults, what is the relationship between the intake of vegetables and fruits, not including juice, and cardiovascular disease? (DGAC 2010)

What effect does folic acid supplementation (with or without additional B vitamin supplementation) have on risk of CVD among persons with or without pre-existing vascular disease? (DGAC 2010)

What impact has folic acid fortification had on the incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and stroke?

What impact has mandatory folic acid fortification had on the incidence of colon cancer? (DGAC 2010)

What impact has mandatory folic acid fortification had on the incidence of CVD and stroke in the US and Canada? (DGAC 2010)

What impact has mandatory folic acid fortification had on the incidence of neural tube defect in the US and Canada? (DGAC 2010)

What is the effect of dietary cholesterol intake on risk of cardiovascular disease, including effects on intermediate markers such as serum lipid and lipoprotein levels and inflammation? (DGAC 2010)

What is the effect of dietary intake of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) when substituted for saturated fatty acids on increased risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes, including intermediate markers such as lipid and lipoprotein levels and inflammation? (DGAC 2010)

What is the relationship between adherence to dietary guidelines/recommendations or specific dietary patterns, assessed using an index or score, and risk of cardiovascular disease?

Are prevailing patterns of diet behavior in a population, assessed using factor or cluster analysis, related to risk of cardiovascular disease?

What is the relationship between adherence to dietary guidelines/recommendations or specific dietary patterns, assessed using reduced rank regression analysis, and cardiovascular disease?

What is the relationship between adherence to dietary guidelines/recommendations or specific dietary patterns (assessed using methods other than index/score, cluster or factor, or reduced rank regression analyses) and risk of cardiovascular disease?

What is the relationship between consumption of plant n-3 fatty acids and risk of cardiovascular disease? (DGAC 2010)

What is the relationship between consumption of seafood n-3 fatty acids and risk of cardiovascular disease? (DGAC 2010)

What is the relationship between glycemic index or glycemic load and cardiovascular disease? (DGAC 2010)

What is the relationship between the intake of animal protein products and cardiovascular disease? (DGAC 2010)

What is the relationship between the intake of cooked dry beans and peas and cardiovascular outcomes? (DGAC 2010)

What is the relationship between the intake of milk and milk products and cardiovascular disease? (DGAC 2010)

What is the relationship between whole grain intake and cardiovascular disease? (DGAC 2010)