Worksheet
 
Yes  
 
Can't Determine  
 
No  
 
NA  
1. Would implementing the studied intervention or procedure (if found successful) result in improved outcomes for the patients/clients/population group? (Not Applicable for some epidemiological studies)
   
2. Did the authors study an outcome (dependent variable) or topic that the patients/clients/population group would care about?
 
3. Is the focus of the intervention or procedure (independent variable) or topic of study a common issue of concern to nutrition or dietetics practice?
 
4. Is the intervention or procedure feasible? (NA for some epidemiological studies)
     
1. Was the research question clearly stated?
 
2. Was the selection of study subjects/patients free from bias?
     
3. Were study groups comparable?
     
4. Was method of handling withdrawals described?
       
5. Was blinding used to prevent introduction of bias?
       
6. Were intervention/therapeutic regimens/exposure factor or procedure and any comparison(s) described in detail? Were interveningfactors described?
 
7. Were outcomes clearly defined and the measurements valid and reliable?
     
8. Was the statistical analysis appropriate for the study design and type of outcome indicators?
 
9. Are conclusions supported by results with biases and limitations taken into consideration?
 
10. Is bias due to study’s funding or sponsorship unlikely?
   
 
Research Design and Implementation: Primary Research
  Abete I, Parra D et al, 2008 Aston LM, Stokes CS et al, 2008 de Rougemont A, Normand S et al, 2007 Deierlein AL, Siega-Riz AM et al, 2008 Ebbeling CB, Leidig MM et al, 2007 Hare-Bruun H, Flint A et al, 2006 Hui LL and Nelson EA, 2006 Lau C, Toft U et al, 2006 Liese A, Schulz M et al, 2005 Maki KC, Rains TM et al, 2007 McMillan-Price J, Petocz P et al, 2006 Mendez MA, Covas MI et al, 2009 Milton JE, Briche B et al, 2007 Murakami K, Sasaki S et al, 2007 Nielsen BM, Bjornsbo KS et al, 2005 Pal S, Lim S et al, 2008 Pereira MA, Swain J et al 2004 Philippou E, Neary NM et al, 2008 Pittas AG, Roberts SB et al, 2006 Raatz SK, Torkelson CJ et al, 2005 Sichieri R, Moura AS et al, 2007 Sloth B, Krog-Mikkelsen I et al 2004
Overall Quality Rating Neutral Neutral Positive Positive Positive Positive Neutral Neutral Neutral Positive Positive Neutral Neutral Neutral Neutral Neutral Positive Neutral Positive Neutral Neutral Positive
Relevance Questions
1. Would implementing the studied intervention or procedure (if found successful) result in improved outcomes for the patients/clients/population group? (Not Applicable for some epidemiological studies)
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
N/A
 
Yes
 
N/A
 
N/A
 
Yes
 
N/A
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
N/A
 
N/A
 
N/A
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
2. Did the authors study an outcome (dependent variable) or topic that the patients/clients/population group would care about?
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
3. Is the focus of the intervention or procedure (independent variable) or topic of study a common issue of concern to nutrition or dietetics practice?
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
4. Is the intervention or procedure feasible? (NA for some epidemiological studies)
Yes
 
???
 
Yes
 
N/A
 
Yes
 
N/A
 
N/A
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
N/A
 
N/A
 
N/A
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
 
Validity Questions
1. Was the research question clearly stated?
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
2. Was the selection of study subjects/patients free from bias?
No
 
No
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
No
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
No
 
No
 
Yes
 
No
 
Yes
 
N/A
 
Yes
 
No
 
No
 
Yes
 
3. Were study groups comparable?
No
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
No
 
N/A
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
No
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
4. Was method of handling withdrawals described?
N/A
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
N/A
 
N/A
 
???
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
???
 
Yes
 
N/A
 
N/A
 
N/A
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
No
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
5. Was blinding used to prevent introduction of bias?
No
 
???
 
No
 
No
 
Yes
 
???
 
No
 
Yes
 
N/A
 
Yes
 
???
 
???
 
No
 
N/A
 
No
 
???
 
Yes
 
???
 
Yes
 
No
 
No
 
No
 
6. Were intervention/therapeutic regimens/exposure factor or procedure and any comparison(s) described in detail? Were interveningfactors described?
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
7. Were outcomes clearly defined and the measurements valid and reliable?
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
No
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
???
 
No
 
No
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
8. Was the statistical analysis appropriate for the study design and type of outcome indicators?
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
9. Are conclusions supported by results with biases and limitations taken into consideration?
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
10. Is bias due to study’s funding or sponsorship unlikely?
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
???
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
???
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes