Worksheet
 
Yes  
 
Can't Determine  
 
No  
 
NA  
1. Would implementing the studied intervention or procedure (if found successful) result in improved outcomes for the patients/clients/population group? (Not Applicable for some epidemiological studies)
   
2. Did the authors study an outcome (dependent variable) or topic that the patients/clients/population group would care about?
 
3. Is the focus of the intervention or procedure (independent variable) or topic of study a common issue of concern to nutrition or dietetics practice?
 
4. Is the intervention or procedure feasible? (NA for some epidemiological studies)
   
1. Was the research question clearly stated?
 
2. Was the selection of study subjects/patients free from bias?
   
3. Were study groups comparable?
   
4. Was method of handling withdrawals described?
     
5. Was blinding used to prevent introduction of bias?
 
6. Were intervention/therapeutic regimens/exposure factor or procedure and any comparison(s) described in detail? Were interveningfactors described?
     
7. Were outcomes clearly defined and the measurements valid and reliable?
 
8. Was the statistical analysis appropriate for the study design and type of outcome indicators?
     
9. Are conclusions supported by results with biases and limitations taken into consideration?
   
10. Is bias due to study’s funding or sponsorship unlikely?
 
 
Research Design and Implementation: Primary Research
  Besser LM, Williams LJ et al, 2003 Canfield M, Collins J et al, 2005 CDC, 2004 Chen B, Charmichael S et al, 2008 De Walls P, Tairou F et al, 2007 De Wals P, Tairou F et al, 2008 Forrester MB and Merz RD, 2005 Godwin KA, Sibbald B et al, 2008 Honein MA, Paulozzi LJ et al, 2001 Mosley B, Hobbs C et al, 2007 Persad VL, Van den Hoff MC et al, 2002 Williams LJ, Mai CT et al, 2002 Williams LJ, Rasmussen SA et al, 2005
Overall Quality Rating Neutral Neutral Neutral Neutral Neutral Neutral Neutral Neutral Neutral Neutral Neutral Positive Neutral
Relevance Questions
1. Would implementing the studied intervention or procedure (if found successful) result in improved outcomes for the patients/clients/population group? (Not Applicable for some epidemiological studies)
N/A
 
N/A
 
N/A
 
N/A
 
N/A
 
Yes
 
N/A
 
N/A
 
Yes
 
N/A
 
N/A
 
N/A
 
N/A
 
2. Did the authors study an outcome (dependent variable) or topic that the patients/clients/population group would care about?
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
3. Is the focus of the intervention or procedure (independent variable) or topic of study a common issue of concern to nutrition or dietetics practice?
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
4. Is the intervention or procedure feasible? (NA for some epidemiological studies)
N/A
 
N/A
 
N/A
 
N/A
 
N/A
 
Yes
 
N/A
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
N/A
 
Yes
 
N/A
 
 
Validity Questions
1. Was the research question clearly stated?
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
2. Was the selection of study subjects/patients free from bias?
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
No
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
3. Were study groups comparable?
No
 
???
 
No
 
???
 
???
 
???
 
???
 
???
 
???
 
???
 
???
 
???
 
???
 
4. Was method of handling withdrawals described?
Yes
 
Yes
 
???
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
N/A
 
???
 
Yes
 
???
 
Yes
 
5. Was blinding used to prevent introduction of bias?
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
6. Were intervention/therapeutic regimens/exposure factor or procedure and any comparison(s) described in detail? Were interveningfactors described?
No
 
No
 
N/A
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
No
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
No
 
7. Were outcomes clearly defined and the measurements valid and reliable?
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
8. Was the statistical analysis appropriate for the study design and type of outcome indicators?
Yes
 
Yes
 
???
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
No
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
9. Are conclusions supported by results with biases and limitations taken into consideration?
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
No
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
10. Is bias due to study’s funding or sponsorship unlikely?
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes
 
Yes