Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size View as PDF Print

Is intake of calcium and/or dairy (milk and milk products) related to adiposity in children? (DGAC 2010)

Conclusion

Moderate evidence suggests that there is not a relationship between intake of calcium and/or dairy (milk and milk products) and adiposity in children and adolescents.
 

Grade

Moderate
Click here for more information about grading.

Evidence Summaries

What is the evidence that supports this conclusion? For more information, click on the Evidence Summary link below.
 
Is intake of calcium or dairy (milk and milk products) related to adiposity in children?

Research Recommendations

1. Conduct well-controlled and powered prospective studies to characterize the associations between specific dietary factors and childhood adiposity.

Rationale: While many of the studies included in the DG2010 evidence reviews were methodologically strong, many were limited by small sample size, lack of adequate control for confounding factors, especially implausible energy intake reports, and use of surrogate, rather than direct measures of body fatness.

2. Conduct well-controlled and powered research studies testing interventions that are likely to improve energy balance in children at increased risk of childhood obesity, including dietary approaches that reduce energy density, total energy, dietary fat, and calorically sweetened beverages, and promote greater consumption of fruits and vegetables.

Rationale: Very few solid data are available on interventions in children.

Search Plan and Results

What were the search parameters and selection criteria used to identify literature to answer this question? For more information, click on the Search Plan and Results link below.
 
Is intake of calcium and/or dairy (milk and milk products) related to adiposity in children? Is intake of calcium and/or dairy (milk and milk products) related to adiposity in children?